Finance-AW-Q232

Finance-AW-Q232 Online Services

 

REQUIRED
 

a) Calculate ‘the’ following ‘financial ‘ratios’
 
i. ROSF’
ii. ROCE’
iii. Gross ‘profit ‘margin’
iv. Operating ‘profit’
margin’
 
v. Asset ‘turn’
vi. Current ‘ratio’
vii. Acid ‘test ‘ratio’
viii. Receivables ‘days’
ix. Payables ‘days’
 
x. Inventory ‘days’
xi. Interest ‘cover’
xii. Gearing’
xiii. EPS’
 
for’the’three’years’ended’31’March’2013,’2014’and’2015.’Use’ year U end ‘rather’than’
averages.’
 


b) Advise ‘Alexa ‘on’ the’ proposed ‘investment, ‘incorporating’ comments ‘on’ the ‘ratios ‘you’
have ‘calculated ‘in’ a)’above.’Your’advice’should’no’more’500’words.’State ‘your’ accurate’word’count.’Any’ words’ over’ the’ maximum ‘will’ not ‘be’ considered/marked.”

 

APPENDIX*A*



Fit$Wear$Limited:$Balance$sheets$at$31$March
2015 2015 2014 2014 2013 2013
£ £ £ £ £ £
Non$current$assets 173,580 166,500 188,968
Current$assets
Inventory 110,900 89,582 72,850
Debtors 140,630 112,446 88,380
Cash 0 251,530 1632 203,660 0 161,230
TOTAL$ASSETS 425,110 370,160 350,198
 
Current$liabilities$
Trade=creditors 94,982 69,500 62,836
Overdraft 21,392 116,374 21,270 90,770 22,444 85,280
Non$current$liabilities
LongDterm=loan 114,000 114,000 114,000
Equity
Share=capital=£1=shares 90,000 90,000 90,000
Retained=earnings 104,736 75,390 60,918
194,736 165,390 150,918
 
Fit$Wear$Limited:$Profit$and$loss$accounts$for$the$years$ending$31$March
2015 2014 2013
£ £ £
Sales 1,193,720 982,766 831,970
Cost$of$sales -805,928 -650,178 -543,176
Gross$profit 387,792 332,588 288,794
Selling4and4distribution4costs -153,980 -121,860 -105,076
Administrative4expenses -67,500 -63,390 -65,544
Director’s4remuneration -120,000 -120,000 -120,000
Operating$profit/(loss) 46,312 27,338 -1,826
Interest4payable4and4similar4charges -10,266 -8,054 -6,550
Profit/(loss)$on$ordinary$activities$before$taxation 36,046 19,284 -8,376
Taxation4paid -6,700 -4,812 4
Retained$profit$for$the$year 29,346 14,472 -8,376
 
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Related Services

 
Part*B*(25$marks)*
 
Shown’below’are’the’unadjusted’account’balances’as’at’31st’March’2015’extracted’from’the’
books ‘of’ account’ for’a’particular’business.’*
 
Account ‘Title’ Dr*
£*
Cr*
£*
Ordinary’Share’Capital'(£0.25’par’value)’ ‘ 30,000′
Reinvested’Profits'(Reserves)’at’1st’April’2014’ ‘ 18,000′
Trade’Debtors'(Receivables)’ 11,000′ ‘
Rent’ 10,000′ ‘
Equipment'(at’cost)’ 50,000′ ‘
Accumulated’Equipment’Depreciation’at’1st’April’2014’ ‘ 12,000′
Purchases’of’items’for’resale’ 50,000′ ‘
Interim’dividends’paid’during’the’year’ 5,000′ ‘
Trade’Creditors'(Payables)’ ‘ 10,000′
Stock’of’items’at’1st’April’2014′ 10,000’ ‘
Sales’of’items,’all’sold’on’account’ ‘ 165,000′
Salaries’ 60,000′ ‘
Cash’and’Bank’ 29,000′ ‘
Office’Expenses’ 10,000′ ‘
‘ 235,000* 235,000*

 
The ‘following’ year Fend ‘adjustments ‘are’ to’ be’taken ‘into’ account
 
1′ Dividends’of’1p’per’ordinary’share’are’to’be’provided’for,’payable’in’the’next’financial’
year’
2′ The’closing’stock’of’items’on’31st’March’2015’at’cost’is’£20,000.’
3`A’piece’of’equipment’was’sold’during’the’year.’It’had’originally’cost’£20,000’on’1st’April’2013.’It’was’sold’on’31st’March’2015’for’£13,000.’The’company’s’accounting’policy’is’to’
‘ 
4””Depreciation’on’equipment’is’on’a’reducing’balance’basis’at’an’annual’rate’of’20%.’
5′ Accruals’at’31st’March’2015’are:’$Office’expenses’£1,500”
6′ A’debtor’owing’£3,000’has’gone’bankrupt’and’has’not’yet’been’accounted’for’
 
7′ Prepayments’at’31st’March’2015’are:’Rent’£2,000.’
8′ A’provision’for’bad’and’doubtful’debts’is’to’be’created’on’31st’March’2015’equivalent’to’6%’of’the’debtors’balance’at’that’date.’
 
9′ Corporation’Tax’payable’for’this’latest’financial’year’is’estimated’as’being’£10,000,’to’be’
paid’during’September’2015.’
*
 
Required*
Page’7’of’8′

Prepare:’
a) An'(adjusted)’Final’Trial’Balance’for’the’year’ending’31st’March’2015′
showing’all’the’adjustments’made.” ‘ ‘ ‘ (15$$marks)’
b) An’Income’Statement”(also’known’as’a’Profit’and’Loss’Statement)’for’the’
year’ending’31st’March’2015′ ‘ ‘ ‘ ‘ (5$$marks)’
c) A’Balance’Sheet’in’vertical’format’as’at’31st’March’2015′
‘ ‘ ‘ ‘ ‘ (5$marks)’
Part*C*(20$marks)*
Brown Limited is thinking ahead about how to increase its sales during the next year.
There are four mutually exclusive options that it is seeking to evaluate:
Option 1: reduce the selling price per unit by 25 per cent
Option 2: improve the product resulting in an increase in the variable cost per unit of
£1.30
 
Option 3: spend £12,000 on a small advertising campaign
Option 4: improve factory efficiency by purchasing more machinery at a fixed extra annual cost of £22,500
The previous year saw sales of 20,000 units with the following cost details
 

Sales £200,000
Variable costs £130,000
Fixed costs £40,000
Profit £10,000
These cost relationships are expected to hold true in the next year.
 
Required
 
i) Evaluate each of the four options above and provide a recommendation for the business. You should also refer to any other relevant contextual information in justifying your recommendation. Your recommendation should be no more than 300 words in length. You should state an accurate word count.
 
Part D (15 marks)
You have been asked to prepare a short presentation for a group of junior managers who are trying to establish the theoretical differences between cash and profit.
 
Required
 
Produce a set of PowerPoint slides (5-8 slides) which provide the relevant underpinning theoretical framework and associated issues. You should design the slide deck as if you were delivering the presentation. Do not load each slide with too much text but provide clear points and illustrations to make the relevant points. You may provide brief notes to accompany the slides.
 
Product Code-Finance-AW-Q232
 
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