Littrell Company Accounting Assingment Help With Solution

Posted on April 20, 2017

Littrell Company Accounting Assingment Help With Solution

 

 

CASE PROBLEMS FOR COST ACCOUNTING

 

  1. Breakeven Analysis

 

Lone Star Enterprises sells a single product. The selling price is $40 per unit, and the variable expense is $32 per unit.

 

The company’s most recent annual contribution format income statement is presented below:

 

Sales$ 200,000
Variable expenses160,000
Contribution Margin40,000
Fixed expenses30,000
Net Operating Income$   10,000

 

Required:

 

  1. Calculate the contribution margin per unit $_______________.
  2. Calculate the contribution margin ratio ________%.
  3. Calculate the break-even point in sales dollars $____________.
  4. Calculate the break-even point in units sold _______________.
  5. Calculate the units that must be sold to obtain a net operating income of $20,000. Units to be sold ______________.


 

  1. Flexible Budget and Performance Report

 

  1. Lone Star Enterprises uses the following cost formulas in its flexible budget for manufacturing overhead.

 

 

ItemCost Formula
Indirect labor

 

$21,000 per year, plus $.50 per machine hour
Indirect material

 

$10,000 per year, plus $.80 per machine hour
Factory utilities

 

$6,000 per year, plus $.30 per machine hour
Factory depreciation$25,000 per year

 

 

Using the above cost formulas, prepare a flexible budget according to the following format:

 

Overhead CostsCost per Machine hourMachine Hours
Variable overhead costs: 8,00010,00012,000
 $____________________________
 $____________________________
 $____________________________
 $____________________________
 $____________________________
Total variable costs$____________________________
Fixed overhead costs:    
 $____________________________
 $____________________________
 $____________________________
 $____________________________
 $____________________________
Total fixed costs$____________________________
     
Total overhead costs __________________

 

 

 

 

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  1. Flexible Budget and Performance Report

 

  1. Refer to the flexible budget data in Part A. The standard time to complete one unit of product is 1.6 machine hours. Last year the company budgeted to operate at the 10,000 machine hour level of activity. During the current year Lone Star Enterprises incurred the following actual activity and costs:

 

 

Units Produced5,000
Actual machine hours worked8,500

Actual Overhead costs:

 VariableFixed
Indirect labor$   3,300$   21,700
Indirect material6,70010,300
Food utilities2,6005,900
Factory depreciation 25,000

 

Required:

Prepare a performance report for the year using the format that follows.

 

Performance Report

Lone Star Enterprises

 

Budgeted machine hours __________

Actual machine hours       __________

Standard machine hours   __________

 

 

 

Variable overhead costs:

Cost Formula (per MH)Actual costs 8,500Budget Based on ____ MHsSpending or Budget Variance
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Total variable costs_______   
Fixed overhead costs:    
_____________________ ________________________
_____________________ ________________________
_____________________ ________________________
_____________________ ________________________
Total fixed costs ________________________
Total overhead costs ________________________


 

 

III. Direct Material and Direct Labor Variance Analysis

 

Littrell Company produces chairs and has determined the following direct cost categories and budgeted amounts:

 

Standard Inputs      Standard Cost

               Category                    for 1 output               per input

Direct Materials                         1.00                      $7.50

Direct Labor                              0.35                        9.00

 

Actual performance for the company is shown below:

 

Actual output: (in units)                    4,000

Direct Materials:

Materials costs                         $30,225

Input purchased and used            3,900

Actual price per input                   $7.75

Direct Labor:

                    Labor costs                                $11,470

Labor-hours of input                      1,240

Actual price per hour                     $9.25

 

Required:

  1. Calculate the price and usage variances for direct materials and the direct labor rate and efficiency variance of the direct labor?

 

  1. From the following lists, select the most probable cause and responsible manager related to each variance listed above?
  2. i) List of variance causes
  • Quality of Material Purchased Lower
  • Quality of Material Purchased Higher
  • Market Price Per unit of Material Higher than Prior Year
  • Market Price Per unit of Material Lower than Prior year
  • More experienced Production Workers Scheduled
  • Less experienced Production Workers Scheduled
  1. ii) List of Responsible Managers
  • Treasurer
  • Controller
  • Vice President of Finance
  • Vice President of Marketing
  • Labor Union Representative
  • Purchasing Agent
  • Production Manager

 
 

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