Luckin: From Brewing Coffee To Brewing Fraud Case Study Solutions


Luckin Coffee was founded in 2017 in China and quickly became a successful company, with the goal of challenging Starbucks’ dominance in China’s coffee market. However, in April 2020, the company was hit by a financial scandal when it was revealed that the company had fabricated its sales figures, resulting in a significant loss for investors. This case study aims to provide an overview of the Luckin Coffee scandal and to analyze the issues that led to the fraud.

Case Issue:

The primary issue in the Luckin Coffee scandal is that the company intentionally inflated its sales figures, leading to a loss for its investors. The company created a complex system of fake transactions to exaggerate its revenue and growth, which was discovered by an anonymous report in early 2020. The fraud was primarily facilitated by the company’s culture, which prioritized growth over ethics and governance.

Case Analysis:

The Luckin Coffee scandal reveals a significant issue in the corporate culture of some Chinese companies. Many companies in China prioritize growth over governance and ethics, leading to a lack of accountability and transparency. This culture creates a high-pressure environment for employees, which can lead to unethical behavior such as the fabrication of sales figures. The complexity of the fraud highlights the weaknesses in the company’s governance and internal controls. For example, the company relied heavily on a single vendor for its sales, which increased the risk of fraud. Moreover, the company’s auditors, Ernst & Young, failed to detect the fraud, revealing weaknesses in the auditing process.

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Conclusion and Recommendations:

The Luckin Coffee scandal highlights the importance of corporate governance and ethics, particularly in high-growth environments. Companies should prioritize transparency and accountability to build trust with investors and stakeholders. Moreover, companies should focus on strengthening their internal controls and auditing processes to prevent fraud. The auditing process should be rigorous, and auditors should exercise due diligence to identify and report any signs of fraud. Regulators should also play a more active role in overseeing the financial reporting of Chinese companies to ensure that investors are adequately protected.

In conclusion, the Luckin Coffee scandal is a cautionary tale for investors and companies alike. It highlights the importance of ethics, governance, and accountability in corporate culture. Companies should prioritize these values to build trust with stakeholders, and regulators should play a more active role in ensuring that Chinese companies meet global standards of financial reporting.

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